Generating SAS Code Using Macros. 5. More Advanced Macro Techniques. 8. Other Features of the Macro Language. Chapter 2. SAS Programs and Macro . Oct 31, But, while macros certainly can be challenging, it is also the macro processor which then “resolves” your macros generating standard SAS. Nine Steps to Get Started using SAS® Macros. Jane Stroupe, SAS Institute, Chicago, IL. ABSTRACT. Have you ever heard your coworkers rave about macros?.
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ABSTRACT. The usefulness of SAS macros is without question. But when macros are shared with others, their value increases immeasurably. Consider the time. variables and macros. In SAS code: – &name refers to a macro variable. – % name refers to a macro. • Macro code consists of these two elements and. The macro facility is an important feature of the SAS generating macros that can save time and effort. substitution to provide simple yet powerful SAS code.
For example, all upper case letters would be '[A-Z]', all lower case letters '[a-z]' and all numbers ''. To create a DOS text file from a Unix text file, requires the unix2dos command: The easiest way is with the biggest. There are two scripts to clean up your nuisance files: For example, to see all the nuisance files in the directory tree foo, type: To gzip all the nuisance files in the directory tree foo, type: There are several Unix commands that can be used to secure files and directories such as chgrp, chmod and umask.
Check out the man pages of these commands for more information. Be aware that it is extremely easy to use these commands incorrectly. So, the grpthink command has been created that will secure a directory and all of its files and sub-directories.
For more info, type: In all Bourne-compatible shells, like sh, ksh, zsh and bash, you can loop over a list of files very easily, such as:.
If you want to loop over some integers, its kind of messy in sh or ksh. However, in zsh and bash, it is conveniently similar to C syntax:. There are two commands to change your passwords. The first command is for your Unix account, type: Of course, you need to know your current password to make a new one. To see the details of the passwd command, type: That may not work very well if you are running XEmacs; if so, then: M-x man Enter and you will be prompted for the name of the command in the minibuffer.
Similarly, the command to change your password for file sharing is: When you want to transfer files between Unix and Windows, the easiest way is to create a network drive on your PC.
This will bring up a dialog box. You can choose a Drive letter Z: Unless you need to do this all the time, make sure that Reconnect at logon is unticked and then click Finish.
You will be prompted for your Unix username and your password see changing your file-sharing password. Supply them and press OK. You can transfer files by dragging them to or from this window.
But often in bigger projects, this is performed by the following recipe: This recipe assumes that your environment variables have been set up correctly for the compiler that you want to use. To see your current compiler environment settings, the command compenv has been provided: Only Sun Studio Fortran is available. Some projects may require one set of compilers while other projects another.
Most free software projects will work with Sun Studio, so that is the default. Occasionally a project will require GCC. To choose GCC: Also, an experimental compiler with bounds checking is being investigated: Currently, GSL v. It works well with XEmacs. The documentation is available in XEmacs; type M-x info or press the Info button.
The documentation is in the Scientific Software section; click on gsl-ref. View documentation in paperback form. Here is an example: Suppose the program is called chisq. XEmacs compiles C programs with the make utility. For that to work, place the following at the end of your program: From now on when you open this file, XEmacs will know what to do; the first time, however, you will need to manually tell XEmacs what to do.
Type M-: The following error message is indicative of using Sun ld, but passing it options that only GNU ld needs and understands: The solution is to not pass the -export-dynamic switch to Sun ld since it is not needed and not recognized. In this case, we want to convert a PDF file to one of the formats that our printer supports, such as PS: It's often helpful to view an. This can be done with the gsview command. To view your file, type: Or, if you are using XEmacs and you are editing a.
Problems that you may experience with gsview:. If you have a PS document, then the command for duplex, flipping left to right: In that dialog, add the necessary clauses, e. Use of file type options will override the result of this utility's automatic file type detection. Filter Banner Page: Specifies the use of a customized banner page that includes the information containing the user name, host computer name, print job name file name , date, time stamp and version of the UNIX Printing Solution utility.
Usual Dietary Intakes: SAS Macros for Analysis of a Single Dietary Component
The filter banner page is off by default until specified by this option. If there are multiple input files on the command line, each will be printed with a filter banner page before it.
User ID: Specifies the User ID of a print job. A legal User ID is a string of up to 8 alphanumeric characters a-z, A-Z, , with no space in between.
User Code: Specifies the User Code of a print job. Enter a user code using up to 8 digits A user code identifies a group of users and allows you to check the number of sheets printed under each code with SmartDeviceMonitor.
User IDs longer than 8 characters and passwords longer than 4 characters will be truncated. It allows user to enter a file name using up to 16 alphanumeric a-z, A-Z, characters optional. It distinguishes a file from other files. Since it is used until another file name is typed, be careful not to use secret codes like your password. Trays available for cover sheet are tray1 through tray4. Specifies print orientation text input files only. Number of copies: Specifies the number of copies per file to be printed.
The number of copies command varies according the Operation systems. The print commands are shown below.
Access your DPH email. Unfortunately, neither dtmail nor evolution attempt to identify SPAM emails. However, there is a free email reader called Thunderbird, T-bird for short, that does a pretty good job; to run it type: The first time you start T-bird, it will ask you some questions about how to setup your email account.
In the first dialogue, "New Account Setup", select "Email account. The last dialogue, "Account Name," can be specified as anything that you like; it defaults to your email address. Now you are ready to read your mail.
You will be prompted for your POST password; if you check the box "Use Password Manager to remember this password," then you will only have to enter it one time. Hopefully, you are now able to read your email.
Check the box "Enable adaptive junk mail controls for this account. When a new email arrives, this column has a flame symbol for Junk.
After awhile, you may notice that you are not needing to correct the SPAM identification very often. If so, then you can accept those identifications and get those annoying messages out of your Inbox for good. To do so, once again, open the Junk Settings; check the box "Move new junk messages to: You will want to review the Junk folder from time to time to make sure that no email messages have been incorrectly identified.
Yes, but you have to tell T-bird where your dtmail folders are, so do the following: Once T-bird starts, from the Edit menu select Account Settings. The Account Settings window will open, from the left side pick Local Folders.
There is a setting called "Local directory: T-bird will have defaulted to something other than what dtmail does. Exit T-bird and restart it. If you did not store your messages in Mail which is the default , but rather stored your messages in mailboxes in other directories, there is an added step. Create a new directory for your 'Local Folders' and make that your present working directory.
Now call the script local-mbox to create links to your actual mailboxes and pseudo mailboxes for sub-directories as follows: Sometimes when these applications crash, or you are logged off unexpectedly, the applications won't start because they "think" that you are still using them.
If T-bird won't start, find the following file and remove it: In rare circumstances when that does not help, find the following file and remove it: If Firefox won't start, find the following file and remove it: When trying to open an attachment, you may see an error message such as the following: Change the association in your preferences. This can usually be fixed by editing the settings in files named mimeTypes.
Typically, an application has been moved or the name of it has changed. For example, suppose the attachment is an MS Word file.
This is controlled by the setting: Description RDF: If not, edit, save and try again. Occasionally, the setting is already correct, but still does not work. This is probably due to a problem with the specific attachment that you received, such as an incorrect MIME type. However, if it is not just the occasional email, but it is not working at any time, then your mimeTypes.
If so, then backup your mimeTypes. The most likely possibility is that you are browsing your calendar from a client when your calendar is stored on the server. In this case, creating new appointments is not allowed by default. This problem with the graphics package has been around a long time, but no one has bothered to fix it.
That's probably because there is an easy workaround. Try something like the following: There are two classes that are used here: FoilTeX and Beamer. Beamer is easier to use and has a lot more features than FoilTeX although it is compatible with the FoilTeX commands for convenience.
The following commands create a PowerPoint-like presentation:. Also, note that including PDF graphics is problematic since the background color of the presentation will over-write the graphics and cannot be changed. The workaround is to convert the graphics to JPEG before including them. View the beamer manual PDF. There are several classes that are necessary, but the following should work: This will require presence of files logoWenI.
Viewing the results with xdvi is usually not possible for large posters, but Acrobat Reader should be fine. The sizes are as follows converted from metric to inches:. Most likely you are using XEmacs to edit your. Otherwise, you can run SAS from the command-line: View SAS documentation. In SAS v. XEmacs was the first version of emacs to take advantage of X Windows which is how it got its name. More recently, Emacs was also ported to MS Windows. GNU Emacs has features that make it better suited to statistics so we prefer it, but we can use XEmacs in a pinch.
To start GNU Emacs, type the following at the command prompt:. This will open emacs with an introduction screen that has some useful reminders of important information.
You can perform a lot of operations from the Menu and the Toolbar that are self-explanatory.
Due to the constant mouse movements you may find these inconvenient; key combinations exist for many common operations. On Sun keyboards, the Alt key is the menu accelerator, e. For example, C-x means hold down Control while pressing x. To help analysts get started, NCI has developed sample programs and analytic datasets.
The first three examples use a dataset that is based on NHANES data; it includes the addition of balanced repeated replication BRR weights, imputed values for some of the MyPyramid equivalents data, some variable names that differ from the names used in the original NHANES file, and some derived variables.
The last example uses a dataset based on NHANES data, with a small set of variables used to illustrate the method. For use with versions 1. Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program. Search EGRP: Population, Food Intakes, U. Population, Selected References. Usual Dietary Intakes: SAS Macros Version 2. For an episodically consumed food i. If a replicate variable is in use the percentage shown will be weighted.
SAS Macros Version 2.1
The counts are not weighted. In the amount model, there must be at least two subjects with at least two positive recalls.
In the uncorrelated and correlated models there must be at least one subject with two positive recalls, or else MIXTRAN will be stopped. Otherwise if there are 10 or fewer subjects with two positive recalls in any of the models, a warning is printed in the log, stating that results might be unstable.
For amount models a consumption value of 0 is changed to half the minimum amount consumed. The parameter name is unchanged, but any two part recall variable can be used. The values of the "type" variable in the parameter names have changed. The value 1. The following minor issues have been corrected: For most cases, the new method will produce estimates very similar to those produced using the older Taylor linearization method, but for cases where the Box-Cox parameter is small.
Code for the Monte Carlo simulations has been streamlined.
If the "cutpoints" parameter is used, there is no longer a requirement that at least two cut points be specified. It now contains two sub-macros, one of which calculates the estimated intake values, and the other the percentiles and other descriptive statistics. This allows percentiles to be calculated for subgroups, while using the same basis of estimated intake.What Matlab clones are available? To delete all of the control characters except the necessary ones , you would do the following: If want length of prediction to be 10 years, specify a lower and upper bound to have the length be as close to 10 as possible i.
Conditional process analysis: Concepts, computation, and advances in the modeling of the contingencies of mechanisms. Derivation of log-likelihood Eq.
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